A white supremacist campaign poster (1866). It tells people to vote for the person who will not support civil rights
Although considered and rejected after Claudette Colvin 's arrest for not giving up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama , bus in March, 1955, after Rosa Parks' arrest in December Jo Ann Gibson-Robinson of the Montgomery Women's Political Council put a long-considered Bus Boycott protest in motion. Late that night, she, two students, and John Cannon, chairman of the Business Department at Alabama State University , mimeographed and distributed approximately 52,500 leaflets calling for a boycott of the buses.  
Over 200,000 African-American soldiers and sailors served in the . Army and Navy during the Civil War. Their service helped to end the war and free over four million slaves. The African American Civil War Memorial honors their service and sacrifice.
A number of men have had their service and lives noted. Among the near 220,000 names here are some who's service and lives have been documented. Many earned a Medal of Honor , the highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize . military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor, during their service in a black regiment during the war. Additionally many earned a brevet promotion which was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct, but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.